MSP-REFRAM Activities & Tasks

WP1: Multi-stakeholder platform

Implementation of a Multi-Stakeholder Platform to address transversal issues

Workpackage (WP) 1 was expected to function as the multistakeholder platform. In this WP, all of the key players have met and addressed the transversal issues of refractory metals. Managed by the consortium, it gathered experts from the three External Experts Committees: Policy/Society, Technology and Market.

This workpackage assessed the current and future selected metal needs of the European industry. It also examined to what extent these can be met with European and non-European sources, and explored innovative strategies for  the improvement of the reliability and affordability of supply for metals and metal-based intermediate products. It has delivered guidelines, has defined indicators and has proposed (new) standards. This knowledge has been used to analyse the data collected and the innovation proposed in the four technical WPs.

WP3: Secondary sources (industrial waste/tailings)

Mapping, analysis and recommendations for secondary resources (waste/tailings)

The main objective of Workpackage 3 was to address the recovery of refractory metals in metallic or oxidic forms existing in waste (old mine tailings and industrial waste) and  to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill. To reach this main objective the following actions have been conducted in WP3:

  • The available resources containing refractory metals have been identified and listed.
  • Existing and innovative technologies for mineral processing and the extractive metallurgy have been explored.
  • Paths for recovery have been proposed.

WP5: Concepts and substitution scenarios

Analysis of potential substitutes for refractory metals based on 4 scenarios

Refractory metals (RM) – Tungsten, Tantalum, Rhenium, Molybdenum and Niobium – play a highly strategic role in European industrial sectors. Substitution analysis is a key concept that must be present in a transversal way to study and design the entire value chain. This Workpackage aimed to discuss and analyse the mapping of RM substitutes within their most relevant applications in EU industry according to the importance of three criteria: social, economic and strategic. This map had to be considered as part of the value chain analysis carried out in WP1, and a factor in the prioritisation and definition of clear actions in the fate of RM regarding supply, recycling/waste management strategies and loops.

WP2: Primary resources

Mapping, analysis and recommendations for primary resources (5 refractory metals)

Based on the evaluation of the primary resources of five refractory metals, the available and innovative mining technologies have been identified; the existing technologies of mineral processing and extractive metallurgy have been reviewed and the innovative technologies have been investigated; wastes including mineral processing tailings and metallurgical slags have been evaluated with specific attention given to the reduction of the amount of waste, environmental impacts, the recovery of valuable trace elements and potential uses as construction materials.

All of the information have been discussed and analysed during the workshops with the external experts.

WP4: Secondary resources (urban mining)

Mapping, analysis and recommendations for secondary resources (urban mining)

The Workpackage 4 objectives included:

• the identification of existing recycling technologies and gaps to be addressed;
• the identification of barriers for the recycling of refractory metals;
• the determination of applications where recycling may present a significant opportunity.

WP6: Knowledge Management (KM)

Managing knowledge for wide dissemination

  • To set the framework for internal knowledge management through the implementation of MSP-REFRAM customised KM tools
  • To identify existing knowledge and gaps in close cooperation with WP1-WP5 leaders
  • To retrieve and store knowledge that will be generated through WP1, WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP5
  • To transform such knowledge into reports, factsheets, infographics, etc. to be used in the Document Management System (DMS) and into classified data (databases or *.xml files) to be used in the Decision Support System (DSS)
  • To set the public DMS and DST as part of the results from the interactions within the multistakeholder platform community


Contact us!

If you are looking for more information or would like to join our discussions please contact us. stephane 
COORDINATOR Stéphane Bourg, CEA (Marcoule, France) 

europe  This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation programme under Grant Agreement no. 688993 

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