MSP-REFRAM – Activities & Tasks

WP1 - Multi Stakeholder Platform

In this WP, all the key players met and addressed the transversal issues of the refractory metals. It assessed the current and future selected metal needs of European industry. It also examined to what extent these could be met from European and non-European sources, and explored innovative strategies for improving reliability and affordability of supply for metals and metal-based intermediate products. It has delivered guidelines and defined indicators. This has been used to analyse the data collected and the innovation proposed in the four technical WPs.

WP2 - Primary resource

Based on the evaluation of primary resources of five refractory metals, the available and innovative mining technologies have been identified; the existing technologies of mineral processing and extractive metallurgy have been reviewed and the innovative technologies has been investigated; the wastes including mineral processing tailings and metallurgical slags were evaluated with specific attentions to the waste amount reduction, environmental impacts, recovery of valuable trace elements and potential utilisations as construction materials.

WP3 - Secondary resource (industrial waste, tailings)

The main objective of WP3 was to address the recovery of refractory metals in metallic or oxidic form existing in waste and reduce the amount of waste put in landfill. To reach this main objective the following have been conducted:

  • The available resources containing refractory metals have been identified and listed
  • Existing and innovative technologies for mineral processing and the extractive metallurgy have been explored
  • Tracks for recovery were proposed

WP5 - The concepts and scenarios of substitution

Refractory metals (RM) -tungsten, tantalum, rhenium, molybdenum and niobium- play a highly strategic role for the most relevant EU industrial sectors. Substitution analysis is a key concept that must be transversally present to the study and design of the full value chain. This WP had to discuss and analyse the map of substitution for RM within their most relevant applications in EU industry according to a threefold criteria of social, economic and strategic importance.

WP7 - Capacity, dissemination, communication

This objectives of this work package were to:

  • Boost actions to bring together industrial clusters and EU networks.
  • Increase the impact of MSP-REFRAM by aligning its results with the smart specialisation strategies of main EU regions, working in or with resources of, refractory metals.
  • Trace a roadmap of transferability for the MSP-REFRAM approach and strategy to other RMs sharing core similarities with refractory metals.
  • Organise the communication around the project activities and outputs.

WP4 - Secondary resource (urban mining)

The WP objectives included:

  • identification of the existing recycling technologies and gaps to be addressed;
  • identification of barriers to refractory metals recycling;
  • determination of applications where recycling may present a significant opportunity.

WP6 - Knowledge management

This work package objectives were to:

  • set the framework for internal knowledge management through the implementation of MSP-REFRAM customised KM tools
  • retrieve and storage knowledge to be generated through WP1, WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP5
  • transform such knowledge into reports, factsheets, infographics, etc. to be used by the Document Management System (DMS) and into classified data (databases or *.xml files) to be used by the Decision Support System (DSS)

WP8 - Management of the Consortium

WP8 ensured the achievement of the project’s objectives, in terms of quality, timely delivery, and contribution to the expected impact of the project. In terms of consortium management, WP8 objectives were to guarantee sound management of contractual and financial issues, setting-up and maintaining project management tools, good communication in the consortium, proper quality assurance in the delivered reports, financial and contractual management, reporting to the EC.


Contact us!

stephaneIf you are looking for more information on the MSP-REFRAM project, please contact:

Stéphane Bourg, CEA (Marcoule, France)


europe  This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation programme under Grant Agreement no. 688993