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In this WP, all the key players met and addressed the transversal issues of the refractory metals. It assessed the current and future selected metal needs of European industry. It also examined to what extent these could be met from European and non-European sources, and explored innovative strategies for improving reliability and affordability of supply for metals and metal-based intermediate products. It has delivered guidelines and defined indicators. This has been used to analyse the data collected and the innovation proposed in the four technical WPs.
Based on the evaluation of primary resources of five refractory metals, the available and innovative mining technologies have been identified; the existing technologies of mineral processing and extractive metallurgy have been reviewed and the innovative technologies has been investigated; the wastes including mineral processing tailings and metallurgical slags were evaluated with specific attentions to the waste amount reduction, environmental impacts, recovery of valuable trace elements and potential utilisations as construction materials.
The main objective of WP3 was to address the recovery of refractory metals in metallic or oxidic form existing in waste and reduce the amount of waste put in landfill. To reach this main objective the following have been conducted:
Refractory metals (RM) -tungsten, tantalum, rhenium, molybdenum and niobium- play a highly strategic role for the most relevant EU industrial sectors. Substitution analysis is a key concept that must be transversally present to the study and design of the full value chain. This WP had to discuss and analyse the map of substitution for RM within their most relevant applications in EU industry according to a threefold criteria of social, economic and strategic importance.
This objectives of this work package were to:
The WP objectives included:
This work package objectives were to:
WP8 ensured the achievement of the project’s objectives, in terms of quality, timely delivery, and contribution to the expected impact of the project. In terms of consortium management, WP8 objectives were to guarantee sound management of contractual and financial issues, setting-up and maintaining project management tools, good communication in the consortium, proper quality assurance in the delivered reports, financial and contractual management, reporting to the EC.
Stéphane Bourg, CEA (Marcoule, France)
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation programme under Grant Agreement no. 688993